1、archlinux的基本安装

1.1、停止reflector服务 禁止自动更新服务器列表

systemctl stop reflector.service

1.2、检查电脑是否支持UEFI引导模式

ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars
# 提示:如果没有报错就是支持UEFI

1.3、连接网络

1.3.1、有线连接

直接插上网线就可以自动联网了

1.3.1、无线网络(wifi)

#是否启用了网络接口
ip link
#执行iwctl命令,进入交互式命令行
iwctl
#列出设备名,比如无线网卡看到叫 wlan0
device list
#用wlan0网卡扫描网络
station wlan0 scan
#列出网络
station wlan0 get-networks
#连接网络名字 输入密码
station wlan0 connect 无线网名字
#成功后退出
exit或者quit   

连接成功后ping一下百度是否有网

ping baidu.com

1.4、同步时间

#同步网络时间
timedatectl set-ntp true
#提示:检查是否成功 看到(system clock synchronized :yes)这一句就是成功了
timedatectl status

.

1.5、修改软件源

  • 打中国的源放在头部
vim /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
  • 10 dd 剪切10行

  • p 粘贴

1.6、分区

1.6.1、fdisk分区

#查看磁盘分区
lsblk
#分区
fdisk  /dev/sda

1.6.2、cfdisk分区

cfdisk /dev/sda

一般分区都有跟分区(/)、交换分区(swap)、引导分区(boot)

1.6.3、格式化分区

EFI分区mkfs.vfat /dev/sda1或者mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1
swap分区mkswap /dev/sda2swapon /dev/sda2  请用swap分区
普通分区mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3

1.7、挂载分区

  • 根据自己的分区情况进行挂载分区(尽量不要把usr目录挂载出去,如果挂载出去不能开机(网上也有教程是可以挂载的,我没有试过)),一般挂载第三方应用安装目录(opt)、临时文件目录(tmp)
#挂载
#必须先挂载根目录 才能挂载其他目录
mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
mkdir /mnt/boot
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot

1.8、安装

#往/mnt目录里安装系统
#其中最基础的四个包是base base-devel linux linux-firmware
#linux-lts (lts:稳定版)
# 如果内核安装了稳定版,那么独显也要是稳定版的,要不然就会发生问题(我也不知道什么问题)
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel linux linux-firmware 

[外链图片转存失败,源站可能有防盗链机制,建议将图片保存下来直接上传(img-DofAIe04-1664722086497)(/home/tnt/Desktop/assets/image-20220924005039396.png)]

1.9、配置系统

1.9.1、Fstab

# 生成 fstab文件 (用 `-U` 或 `-L` 选项设置 UUID 或卷标)
genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

强烈建议在执行完以上命令后,检查一下生成的 /mnt/etc/fstab 文件是否正确。

1.9.2、Chroot

# chroot到新安装的系统
arch-chroot /mnt

1.9.3、设置时区

# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Region(地区名)/City(城市名) /etc/localtime
# 设置上海时区
ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
hwclock --systohc

1.9.4、本地化

程序和库如果需要本地化文本,都依赖区域设置,后者明确规定了地域、货币、时区日期的格式、字符排列方式和其他本地化标准。

需在这两个文件设置:locale.genlocale.conf

编辑 /etc/locale.gen,然后取消掉 en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 和其他需要的 区域设置前的注释#。

接着执行 locale-gen 以生成 locale 信息:

# 更新locale
locale-gen

然后创建 locale.conf 文件,并编辑设定 LANG 变量,比如:

vim /etc/locale.conf
LANG=en_US.UTF-8

警告: 不推荐在此设置任何中文 locale,会导致 tty 乱码。

例子:

en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
zh_CN.UTF-8 UTF-8
zh_SG.UTF-8 UTF-8

1.9.5、网络配置

创建hostname文件:

vim /etc/hostname
myhostname(主机名)

创建hosts文件:

vim /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost
::1         localhost
127.0.1.1   arch.localhost  arch

1.9.6、Root 密码

# passwd

1.10、安装引导程序

1.10.1、安装 cpu微码和引导软件

pacman -S intel-ucode  grub efibootmgr os-prober
#如果是intel的cpu 则输入amd-ucode
#os-prober查找已安装的操作系统 推荐实体机上安装

1.10.2、安装grub引导

#安装grub引导
grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot --bootloader-id=GRUB说明grub-install *安装grub*--target=x86_64-efi      *目标架构x86架构64位 efi启动方式  若不确定使用uname -a 可以查看*--efi-directory=/boot      *就是我sda1挂载的/boot位置*--bootloader-id=GRUB     *这里的GRUB名字可以自行更改 甚至这一段都可以不用写*
  • 提示:接下来编辑/etc/default/grub 文件,去掉GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT一行中最后的 quiet 参数,同时把 log level 的数值从 3 改成 5。这样是为了后续如果出现系统错误,方便排错。同时在同一行加入 nowatchdog 参数,这可以显著提高开关机速度。

1.10.3、生成grub

mkdir /boot/grub
# 生成grub
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

1.11、安装软件

# 连接网络相关的包
dhcpcd iwd networkmanager
# 编辑器
vim
#
sudo
# 命令补全工具
bash-completion
# 网络工具
iproute2
# 查看命令的用法#
zsh
#
fish
#查看系统信息命令
neofetch  #安装
pacman -S dhcpcd iwd networkmanager vim sudo neofetch man iproute2#开机启动 网络管理
systemctl enable NetworkManager

1.12、退出

#输入 exit 或按 Ctrl+d 退出 chroot 环境。
exit
#卸载被挂载的分区
umount -R /mnt
#重启
reboot

2、安装后的配置

2.1、配置中国源和开启32位软件包

vim /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
# 在头部添加阿里源
Server = http://mirrors.aliyun.com/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
# 中科大源
Server = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
# 清华源
Server = https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
# 华为源
Server = https://repo.huaweicloud.com/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
# 163源 (i686 和 x86_64)
Server = http://mirrors.163.com/archlinux/$repo/os/i686#开启32位软件包
vim /etc/pacman.conf
#取消掉 # 号
[multilib]
Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
#在最后面添加
[archlinuxcn]
Server = https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/archlinuxcn/$archs
Server = https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/archlinuxcn/$arch
Server = http://mirrors.163.com/archlinux-cn/$arch
Server = https://mirrors.aliyun.com/archlinuxcn/$arch
# 更新软件包缓存
pacman -Syy
# 安装GPG key
pacman -S archlinuxcn-keyring

2.2、添加一个普通用户

#新建用户名arch 可自行更改用户名
useradd -m -G wheel -s /bin/bash arch#设置arch用户名的密码
passwd arch#编辑arch用户的权限
EDITOR=vim visudo找到# %wheel ALL=(ALL:ALL)ALL 并把 # 号去掉

2.3、安装软件源(AUR)

# 可以选择两个都安装,也可以只安装一个
pacman -S yay paru

2.4、开机启动numlock

首先创造在相关 TTY 上设置 numlock 的脚本:

vim /usr/local/bin/numlock
#!/bin/bashfor tty in /dev/tty{1..6}
do/usr/bin/setleds -D +num < "$tty";
done

创建好文件后,修改为 可执行(chmod +x /usr/local/bin/numlock),这样才能运行脚本。

然后创建并 设置开机自动启动服务:

vim /etc/systemd/system/numlock.service
[Unit]
Description=numlock[Service]
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/numlock
StandardInput=tty
RemainAfterExit=yes[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target# 设置开机自动启动
systemctl enable numlock.service

dwm :如果你使用startx来启动X window会话,只需安装 numlockx 软件包并将其加入到~/.xinitrcexec之前:

#!/bin/sh
#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#numlockx &
exec your_window_manager(你使用的窗口管理器)

2.5、安装字体

# 英文字体
pacman -S ttf-dejavu
# 文泉驿正黑矢量字体
pacman -S wqy-zenhei
#
pacman -S wqy-microhei
# Emoji 字体
pacman -S noto-fonts-emoji

2.6、安装中文输入法

# fcitx5-im : 基础包和模块
# fcitx5-chinese-addons :中文输入法引擎
#
# 输入法模块 1、qt程序:fcitx5-qt 2、gtk程序 : fcitx5-gtk
pacman -S fcitx5-im  fcitx5-chinese-addons
# 配置
vim /etc/environment
GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx
XMODIFIERS=@im=fcitx
SDL_IM_MODULE=fcitx
GLFW_IM_MODULE=ibus# 配置完成之后重启电脑# 安装词库
# fcitx5-pinyin-zhwiki : 中文维基百科创建的词库
pacman -S fcitx5-pinyin-zhwiki fcitx5-pinyin-moegirl

2.7、安装工具

# udisk2 udiskie : 自动挂载U盘修改
# ntfs-3g : 读取ntfs格式磁盘
# dolphin : 文件管理器
pacman -S udisks2 udiskie ntfs-3g  dolphin# 开机自启自动挂载U盘
systemctl enable udisks2

3、dwm(窗口管理器)的安装

3.1、安装x窗口管理系统

# xorg 包含 xorg-server 和 xorg-apps
pacman -S xorg# 用来启动xorg
pacman -S xorg-xinit# 安装完xorg-xinit之后把配置文件复制到普通用户目录下
cp /etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc ~/.xinitrc
# 启动
startx

3.2、安装dwm全家桶

3.2.1、安装dwm

# 下载dwm
git clone https://git.suckless.org/dwm
cd dwm
# 编译
make
# 安装
make install

3.2.2、安装st

# 下载st (alacritty 终端)
git clone https://git.suckless.org/st
cd st
# 编译
make
# 安装
make install

3.2.3、安装dmenu

# 下载dmenu (rofi)
git clone https://git.suckless.org/dmenu
cd qmenu
# 编译
make
# 先清除在安装
make clean install

3.2.4、安装slstaus

# 下载安装 slstatus
git clone https://git.suckless.org/slstatus
cd slstatus
make
make clean install# 在 ~/.xinitrc 中加入 exec slstatus

3.3、启动

3.3.1、设置中文界面

# 在 ~/.xintrx 中加入
# 注意 : 一定要加在 exec dwm 前
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN:en_US

3.3.2、启动dwm

~/.xinitrc文件末尾添加exec dwm,并保存退出,使用startx来启动窗口管理器。

3.3.2、设置分辨率

# 查看分辨率
xrandr -q# 设置分辨率
# Virtual-1  : 显示器名称
# 1920x1080  : 分辨率
# 144.00 : 赫兹
xrandr --output Virtual-1 --mode 1920x1080 --rate 144.00

注意:如果使用xrandr -q查看的结果中没有符合自己显示的分辨率就需要自己创建一个

# 创建一个分辨率
cvt 1920 1080 144
xrandr --newmode ....
# 添加到显示器上
xrandr --addmode 显示器名称 "1920x1080_144.00"
# 修改分辨率
xrandr --output 显示器名称 --mode '分辨率'

4、dwm的美化

4.1、修改关键的键为win键

cd dwm
vim config.h
#修改
#define MDDKEY MOD4Msk

4.2、修改st的字体大小

cd st
vim config.h
#修改

4.3、设置背景图片

# feh 图形工具
# archlinux-wallpaper 壁纸
pacman -S feh archlinux-wallpaper# 设置壁纸
# --bg-fill : 全屏显示
# --randomize :随即显示
cd /usr/share/backgrounds/archlinux
feh --bg-fill --randomize /usr/share/backgrounds/archlinux/*# 设置开机自启
vim ~/.xinitrc
feh --bg-fill --randomize /usr/share/backgrounds/archlinux/*# 刷新背景图片
while feh --bg-fill --randomize /usr/share/backgrounds/archlinux/*
do
sleep 60   # 睡多少秒
done &

4.4、修改tab显示图标

4.4.1、设置中英文字体大小相同

# 安装矢量图标
pacman -S ttf-nerd-fonts-symbols-2048-em# 进入dwm目录下编写 config.h 文件
cd dwm
vim config.h
# 查看文泉驿字体
fc-list |grep WenQuanYi# 在config.h中添加配置
# antialias autohint : 抗锯齿
“WenQuanYi Micro Hei:size=10:type=Regular:antialias=true:autohint=true”# 查看矢量图标
fc-list |grep Nerd
“Symbols Nerd Font:pixelsize=14:type=2048-em:antialias=true:autohint=true”

4.4.2、设置tag图标

# 图标网址
https://www.nerdfonts.com/cheat-sheet# terminal  终端
# google  浏览器
# java   java编程
# markdown 笔记
# folder  文件管理
# office 文档
# music  音乐
# steam  游戏
# cube   虚拟机# video  录屏# 设置完成后重新编译安装
make && sudo make clean install

4.5、设置状态栏

使用音量要安装alsa-utils包pacman -S alsa-utils

# ==============图标==================#
# 启动版本号
archlinux
# 硬盘
disk
# cpu
memory
# 内存
nf-mdi-chip
nf-fa-microchip
# 上传网速
nf-mdi-arrow_up_bold
# 下载网速
nf-mdi-arrow_down_bold
# 音量
volume
# 麦克风
microphone
# 时间
time
#=====================================#
#==================命令===================#
如图片

4.6、设置快捷键

4.6.1、设置音量快捷键

# 切换音量状态(静音、非静音)
amixer sset Master toggle# 最小步长是3,设置5一下都是以3个音量增加或减少
# 减少音量
amixer sset Master 5%- unmute
# 增大音量
amixer sset Master 5%+ unmute
# 进入 dwm 的目录
cd dwm
# 创建存放脚本的目录
mkdir script
# 进入 script 目录
cd script
# 编写加音量的脚本
vim volup.sh
#! /bin/bash
amixer sset Master 3%+ unmute
# 编写减音量的脚本
vim voldown.sh
#! /bin/bash
amixer sset Master 3%- unmute
# 编写切换音量状态的脚本
vim voltoggle.sh
#! /bin/bash
amixer sset Master toggle# 编写完脚本之后给脚本可执行的权限
chmod +x volup.sh voldown.sh voltoggle.sh# 注意 : 把 script 目录归到普通用户组

5、dwm打补丁

  • 配置git
# 下载 git ,推荐使用git打补丁,可以进行回退配置
# kdiff3 : 对比 git 冲突的图形化页面
pacman -S git kdiff3
# 配置用户名和邮箱
git config --global user.name roukaixin
git config --global user.email "a3427173515@163.com"
# 设置全局查看分支冲突软件
git config --global merge.tool kdiff3
  • 下载补丁
  • git 操作
# 查看当前在那个分支
git branch
# 创建一个分支 config : 分支名
git branch config
# 切换分支
git checkout config
# 添加文件
git add 文件名
# commit
git commit -m 描述信息
# 融合分支 config :分支ming 123:描述信息
git merge config -m 123# 清除到原始的状态
make clean && rm -rf config.h && git reset --hard origin/master

  • # 打补丁的命令
    # -F 0  取消模糊匹配
    patch  -F 0 补丁名字# 打补丁失败的是生成一个  .dej 为结尾的文件,要自己手动去决定
    vim .rej
    # 打开一个vim的tab栏
    :tabnew
    # 打开(文件)
    :e 文件名
    • 在.rej 文件里,前端有 + 号的就是表示要加进去,- 号就表示删除掉
    • 注意:函数的函数名不要删除掉

5.1、picom合成器

# 安装 picom
pacman -S picom
# picom-ibhagwan-git(毛玻璃效果)
# 虚拟机下要是 picom 生效要进行配置
# ~/.config/picom/picom.conf
vim /etc/xdg/picom.conf
# 注释掉 vsync= truevim ~/.xinitrc
exec picom -CGb &

注意: 基本都是把全局的配置文件负责到当前用户下的.config/picom目录下。命令:cp /etc/xdg/picom.conf ~/.config/picom/picom.conf

  • picom.conf 配置文件

  • #################################
    #         Shadows( 阴影 )      #
    ################################## Enabled client-side shadows on windows. Note desktop windows
    # (windows with '_NET_WM_WINDOW_TYPE_DESKTOP') never get shadow,
    # unless explicitly requested using the wintypes option.
    #
    # shadow = false
    shadow = true;# The blur radius for shadows, in pixels. (defaults to 12)
    # shadow-radius = 12
    shadow-radius = 7;# The opacity of shadows. (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 0.75)
    # shadow-opacity = .75# The left offset for shadows, in pixels. (defaults to -15)
    # shadow-offset-x = -15
    shadow-offset-x = -7;# The top offset for shadows, in pixels. (defaults to -15)
    # shadow-offset-y = -15
    shadow-offset-y = -7;# Red color value of shadow (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 0).
    # shadow-red = 0# Green color value of shadow (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 0).
    # shadow-green = 0# Blue color value of shadow (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 0).
    # shadow-blue = 0# Hex string color value of shadow (#000000 - #FFFFFF, defaults to #000000). This option will override options set shadow-(red/green/blue)
    # shadow-color = "#000000"# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should have no shadow.
    #
    # examples:
    #   shadow-exclude = "n:e:Notification";
    #
    # shadow-exclude = []
    shadow-exclude = ["name = 'Notification'","class_g = 'Conky'","class_g ?= 'Notify-osd'","class_g = 'Cairo-clock'","_GTK_FRAME_EXTENTS@:c"
    ];# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should have no shadow painted over, such as a dock window.
    # clip-shadow-above = []# Specify a X geometry that describes the region in which shadow should not
    # be painted in, such as a dock window region. Use
    #    shadow-exclude-reg = "x10+0+0"
    # for example, if the 10 pixels on the bottom of the screen should not have shadows painted on.
    #
    # shadow-exclude-reg = ""# Crop shadow of a window fully on a particular Xinerama screen to the screen.
    # xinerama-shadow-crop = false#################################
    #    Fading(衰退(淡入淡出))    #
    ################################## Fade windows in/out when opening/closing and when opacity changes,
    #  unless no-fading-openclose is used.
    # fading = false
    fading = true;# Opacity change between steps while fading in. (0.01 - 1.0, defaults to 0.028)
    # fade-in-step = 0.028
    fade-in-step = 0.03;# Opacity change between steps while fading out. (0.01 - 1.0, defaults to 0.03)
    # fade-out-step = 0.03
    fade-out-step = 0.03;# The time between steps in fade step, in milliseconds. (> 0, defaults to 10)
    fade-delta = 2# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should not be faded.
    # fade-exclude = []# Do not fade on window open/close.
    # no-fading-openclose = false# Do not fade destroyed ARGB windows with WM frame. Workaround of bugs in Openbox, Fluxbox, etc.
    # no-fading-destroyed-argb = false###########################################
    #Transparency(透明度) / Opacity(不透明度) #
    ############################################ Opacity of inactive windows. (0.1 - 1.0, defaults to 1.0)
    # inactive-opacity = 1
    inactive-opacity = 0.95;# Opacity of window titlebars and borders. (0.1 - 1.0, disabled by default)
    # frame-opacity = 1.0
    frame-opacity = 0.9;# Let inactive opacity set by -i override the '_NET_WM_WINDOW_OPACITY' values of windows.
    # inactive-opacity-override = true
    inactive-opacity-override = false;# Default opacity for active windows. (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 1.0)
    # active-opacity = 1.0# Dim inactive windows. (0.0 - 1.0, defaults to 0.0)
    # inactive-dim = 0.0# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should never be considered focused.
    # focus-exclude = []
    focus-exclude = [ "class_g = 'Cairo-clock'" ];# Use fixed inactive dim value, instead of adjusting according to window opacity.
    # inactive-dim-fixed = 1.0# Specify a list of opacity rules, in the format `PERCENT:PATTERN`,
    # like `50:name *= "Firefox"`. picom-trans is recommended over this.
    # Note we don't make any guarantee about possible conflicts with other
    # programs that set '_NET_WM_WINDOW_OPACITY' on frame or client windows.
    # example:
    #    opacity-rule = [ "80:class_g = 'URxvt'" ];
    #
    # opacity-rule = []#################################
    #          Corners (圆角)      #
    ################################## Sets the radius of rounded window corners. When > 0, the compositor will
    # round the corners of windows. Does not interact well with
    # `transparent-clipping`.
    corner-radius = 9;# Exclude conditions for rounded corners.
    # 派出不使用圆角的程序 例如:dwm、输入法(fcitx)
    rounded-corners-exclude = ["class_g *= 'dwm'", "class_g *= 'fcitx'","window_type = 'dock'","window_type = 'desktop'"
    ];#################################
    # Background-Blurring(背景模糊 )#
    ################################## Parameters for background blurring, see the *BLUR* section for more information.
    # blur-method =
    # blur-size = 12
    #
    # blur-deviation = false
    #
    # blur-strength = 5# Blur background of semi-transparent / ARGB windows.
    # Bad in performance, with driver-dependent behavior.
    # The name of the switch may change without prior notifications.
    #
    # blur-background = false# Blur background of windows when the window frame is not opaque.
    # Implies:
    #    blur-background
    # Bad in performance, with driver-dependent behavior. The name may change.
    #
    # blur-background-frame = false# Use fixed blur strength rather than adjusting according to window opacity.
    # blur-background-fixed = false# Specify the blur convolution kernel, with the following format:
    # example:
    #   blur-kern = "5,5,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1";
    #
    # blur-kern = ""
    blur-kern = "3x3box";# Exclude conditions for background blur.
    # blur-background-exclude = []
    blur-background-exclude = ["window_type = 'dock'","window_type = 'desktop'","_GTK_FRAME_EXTENTS@:c"
    ];#################################
    #   General Settings(基本设置)  #
    ################################## Daemonize process. Fork to background after initialization. Causes issues with certain (badly-written) drivers.
    # daemon = false# Specify the backend to use: `xrender`, `glx`, or `xr_glx_hybrid`.
    # `xrender` is the default one.
    #
    #
    backend = "glx";
    #backend = "xrender";# Enable/disable VSync.
    # vsync = false
    # vsync = true;# Enable remote control via D-Bus. See the *D-BUS API* section below for more details.
    # dbus = false# Try to detect WM windows (a non-override-redirect window with no
    # child that has 'WM_STATE') and mark them as active.
    #
    # mark-wmwin-focused = false
    mark-wmwin-focused = true;# Mark override-redirect windows that doesn't have a child window with 'WM_STATE' focused.
    # mark-ovredir-focused = false
    mark-ovredir-focused = true;# Try to detect windows with rounded corners and don't consider them
    # shaped windows. The accuracy is not very high, unfortunately.
    #
    # detect-rounded-corners = false
    detect-rounded-corners = true;# Detect '_NET_WM_WINDOW_OPACITY' on client windows, useful for window managers
    # not passing '_NET_WM_WINDOW_OPACITY' of client windows to frame windows.
    #
    # detect-client-opacity = false
    detect-client-opacity = true;# Use EWMH '_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW' to determine currently focused window,
    # rather than listening to 'FocusIn'/'FocusOut' event. Might have more accuracy,
    # provided that the WM supports it.
    #
    # use-ewmh-active-win = false# Unredirect all windows if a full-screen opaque window is detected,
    # to maximize performance for full-screen windows. Known to cause flickering
    # when redirecting/unredirecting windows.
    #
    # unredir-if-possible = false# Delay before unredirecting the window, in milliseconds. Defaults to 0.
    # unredir-if-possible-delay = 0# Conditions of windows that shouldn't be considered full-screen for unredirecting screen.
    # unredir-if-possible-exclude = []# Use 'WM_TRANSIENT_FOR' to group windows, and consider windows
    # in the same group focused at the same time.
    #
    # detect-transient = false
    detect-transient = true;# Use 'WM_CLIENT_LEADER' to group windows, and consider windows in the same
    # group focused at the same time. This usually means windows from the same application
    # will be considered focused or unfocused at the same time.
    # 'WM_TRANSIENT_FOR' has higher priority if detect-transient is enabled, too.
    #
    # detect-client-leader = false# Resize damaged region by a specific number of pixels.
    # A positive value enlarges it while a negative one shrinks it.
    # If the value is positive, those additional pixels will not be actually painted
    # to screen, only used in blur calculation, and such. (Due to technical limitations,
    # with use-damage, those pixels will still be incorrectly painted to screen.)
    # Primarily used to fix the line corruption issues of blur,
    # in which case you should use the blur radius value here
    # (e.g. with a 3x3 kernel, you should use `--resize-damage 1`,
    # with a 5x5 one you use `--resize-damage 2`, and so on).
    # May or may not work with *--glx-no-stencil*. Shrinking doesn't function correctly.
    #
    # resize-damage = 1# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should be painted with inverted color.
    # Resource-hogging, and is not well tested.
    #
    # invert-color-include = []# GLX backend: Avoid using stencil buffer, useful if you don't have a stencil buffer.
    # Might cause incorrect opacity when rendering transparent content (but never
    # practically happened) and may not work with blur-background.
    # My tests show a 15% performance boost. Recommended.
    #
    glx-no-stencil = true;# GLX backend: Avoid rebinding pixmap on window damage.
    # Probably could improve performance on rapid window content changes,
    # but is known to break things on some drivers (LLVMpipe, xf86-video-intel, etc.).
    # Recommended if it works.
    #
    # glx-no-rebind-pixmap = false# Disable the use of damage information.
    # This cause the whole screen to be redrawn everytime, instead of the part of the screen
    # has actually changed. Potentially degrades the performance, but might fix some artifacts.
    # The opposing option is use-damage
    #
    # no-use-damage = false
    use-damage = true;# Use X Sync fence to sync clients' draw calls, to make sure all draw
    # calls are finished before picom starts drawing. Needed on nvidia-drivers
    # with GLX backend for some users.
    #
    # xrender-sync-fence = false# GLX backend: Use specified GLSL fragment shader for rendering window contents.
    # See `compton-default-fshader-win.glsl` and `compton-fake-transparency-fshader-win.glsl`
    # in the source tree for examples.
    #
    # glx-fshader-win = ""# Force all windows to be painted with blending. Useful if you
    # have a glx-fshader-win that could turn opaque pixels transparent.
    #
    # force-win-blend = false# Do not use EWMH to detect fullscreen windows.
    # Reverts to checking if a window is fullscreen based only on its size and coordinates.
    #
    # no-ewmh-fullscreen = false# Dimming bright windows so their brightness doesn't exceed this set value.
    # Brightness of a window is estimated by averaging all pixels in the window,
    # so this could comes with a performance hit.
    # Setting this to 1.0 disables this behaviour. Requires --use-damage to be disabled. (default: 1.0)
    #
    # max-brightness = 1.0# Make transparent windows clip other windows like non-transparent windows do,
    # instead of blending on top of them.
    #
    # transparent-clipping = false# Set the log level. Possible values are:
    #  "trace", "debug", "info", "warn", "error"
    # in increasing level of importance. Case doesn't matter.
    # If using the "TRACE" log level, it's better to log into a file
    # using *--log-file*, since it can generate a huge stream of logs.
    #
    # log-level = "debug"
    log-level = "warn";# Set the log file.
    # If *--log-file* is never specified, logs will be written to stderr.
    # Otherwise, logs will to written to the given file, though some of the early
    # logs might still be written to the stderr.
    # When setting this option from the config file, it is recommended to use an absolute path.
    #
    # log-file = "/path/to/your/log/file"# Show all X errors (for debugging)
    # show-all-xerrors = false# Write process ID to a file.
    # write-pid-path = "/path/to/your/log/file"# Window type settings
    #
    # 'WINDOW_TYPE' is one of the 15 window types defined in EWMH standard:
    #     "unknown", "desktop", "dock", "toolbar", "menu", "utility",
    #     "splash", "dialog", "normal", "dropdown_menu", "popup_menu",
    #     "tooltip", "notification", "combo", and "dnd".
    #
    # Following per window-type options are available: ::
    #
    #   fade, shadow:::
    #     Controls window-type-specific shadow and fade settings.
    #
    #   opacity:::
    #     Controls default opacity of the window type.
    #
    #   focus:::
    #     Controls whether the window of this type is to be always considered focused.
    #     (By default, all window types except "normal" and "dialog" has this on.)
    #
    #   full-shadow:::
    #     Controls whether shadow is drawn under the parts of the window that you
    #     normally won't be able to see. Useful when the window has parts of it
    #     transparent, and you want shadows in those areas.
    #
    #   clip-shadow-above:::
    #     Controls wether shadows that would have been drawn above the window should
    #     be clipped. Useful for dock windows that should have no shadow painted on top.
    #
    #   redir-ignore:::
    #     Controls whether this type of windows should cause screen to become
    #     redirected again after been unredirected. If you have unredir-if-possible
    #     set, and doesn't want certain window to cause unnecessary screen redirection,
    #     you can set this to `true`.
    #
    wintypes:
    {tooltip = { fade = true; shadow = true; opacity = 0.75; focus = true; full-shadow = false; };dock = { shadow = false; clip-shadow-above = true; }dnd = { shadow = false; }popup_menu = { opacity = 0.8; }dropdown_menu = { opacity = 0.8; }
    };
    

5.2、dwn推荐的补丁

  • 透明补丁(alpha)

  • 状态栏显示多个窗口信息(awesomebar)

  • 临时小窗口(scratchpad)

  • 屏幕和状态栏的间隙(barpadding)

  • 状态栏托盘(systray)

  • 窗口间距(vanitygaps)

    • gappih :窗户之间的内部水平间隙

    • gappiv :窗口之间的内部垂直间隙

    • gappoh :窗口和屏幕边缘之间的水平外部间隙

    • gappov :窗口和屏幕边缘之间的垂直外部间隙

5.3、st推荐补丁

  • 终端半透明(alpha)
  • 去除终端的白边(anysize)
    • 打开多个终端就会出项这个问题
  • 终端中的输入下划线(blinking_cursor)
    • 闪动的下划线
  • 主题颜色(xresources)
    • 保留多个主颜色

archlinux安装到美化相关推荐

  1. Archlinux安装与美化全流程

    一. 镜像制作 1. 下载 Arch官方下载界面 阿里云镜像站下载 注意:官网下载页面下拉可以看多很多国家的镜像源! 2. 镜像烧录 使用 Rufus 进行镜像烧录,下载好 Rufus 后打开,插入要 ...

  2. Archlinux 安装、美化、软件入门(四)

    本文章可能更新不及时,前往我的博客阅读,阅读体验更佳:https://jin-dan.oier.space/ 0x05 KDE 配置 Fcitx5+Rime Fcitx5 是继 Fcitx 后的新一代 ...

  3. Yoga 14s 2021 Archlinux安装与桌面美化

    文章目录 说明 安装前的准备 安装映像准备 磁盘准备 进入安装环境准备 安装 进入U盘的Archlinux系统(Live环境) 联网 更新系统时间 分区与格式化 选择镜像源 安装基本包 配置fstab ...

  4. 打造自己的ArchLinux系统---从安装到美化(一)

    打造自己的ArchLinux系统-从安装到美化(一) 我直接进入正题,不墨迹了.先上自己的桌面截图. 前排提示:桌面的conky配置是B站up主@Lunatic丶9527大佬的. 一.系统安装 1.实 ...

  5. archlinux安装kde桌面和sddm登录管理器

    前几篇已经配置好了archlinuxcn软件仓库,网络和nvidia驱动,现在来给你的archlinux安装一个kde桌面(kde玩法有很多,可以自己去搜一搜美化教程),sddm登录管理器 对于很多人 ...

  6. archlinux安装配置、i3-wm配置、blurlock锁屏、archlinux音频蓝牙

    archlinux安装配置.i3-wm配置.blurlock锁屏.archlinux音频蓝牙 linux安装笔记 设备:honor-magicbook14-amd 版本:arch-linux-5.9. ...

  7. Fedora10字体安装与美化

    以下内容转自:[url]http://gcell.yo2.cn/archives/632791[/url] Fedora默认的字体渲染效果在各个发行版的中算是首屈一指了,但是我们还想获得更好的显示效果 ...

  8. maya linux 安装教程视频,在Archlinux 安装Maya7.01

    在Archlinux 安装Maya7.01 发布时间:2007-03-27 12:02:28来源:红联作者:earwig 这里用maya的 不多吧... 准备myr_maya701_linux.tgz ...

  9. maya linux 安装教程视频,教你怎样在 Archlinux 安装Maya7.01

    教你怎样在 Archlinux 安装Maya7.01 发布时间:2006-09-04 09:24:27来源:红联作者:Redassociation 准备myr_maya701_linux.tgz可在 ...

最新文章

  1. ASP.NET:性能与缓存
  2. Mysql的锁机制之表锁
  3. 数据库查询近七天的数据
  4. python 如何获取当前时间并转换为年月日
  5. freecodecamp_我在1个月内完成了整个freeCodeCamp课程(并记录了所有内容)
  6. Go语言操作MySQL的基础知识
  7. 海外精致办公名片展示样机|智能贴图 Mockup名片模板
  8. Ubuntu16安装GTK+2.0教程
  9. php ttc转ttf 在线,iPad字体字库与Windows字库互相转换
  10. 如何查计算机的网络速度,电脑怎么查网速?教你精准测速的方法
  11. vi编辑器 末尾添加_linux下的VI编辑器使用手册
  12. Calendar根据日期获取年份和周、当前周的所有日期
  13. 从江户川乱步到东野圭吾-日本推理小说的发展 (1)
  14. 小米note3的开发者选项在哪里?怎么进入开发者模式?如何显示布局边界?
  15. VMbox 如何显示控制菜单,不显示控制菜单了
  16. 【愚公系列】2022年02月 U3D全栈班 005-Unity引擎视图
  17. matlab面元法计算naca翼型的升力系数(关于攻角的曲线)
  18. 信通院郭雪:软件供应链安全标准体系建设与洞察
  19. [附源码]计算机毕业设计JAVA领导干部听课评课管理系统
  20. Codeforces Round #486 (Div. 3)

热门文章

  1. 压力测试概念及方法(TPS/并发量)
  2. 2.文献研读---基于学生成绩多变量数据挖掘的学习行为分析--单耀 王艺岚 张家华...
  3. YAHOO工具库提供的方法
  4. selenium+云打码+百度ocr爬取360的电话号码标记
  5. 方波的产生——运算放大器LM324产生方波
  6. Gif录制工具Gyazo 官方版
  7. 喜欢游戏学计算机,我喜欢电脑游戏小学作文
  8. 汉化+破解Substance Painter 2019 macv2019.1.0图文展示
  9. [XUPT]2020寒假训练---比赛专题
  10. 台式计算机打印机共享,如何连接共享打印机,教您电脑如何连接共享打印机