CentOS上快速安装Oracle11g数据库

下载RMP-GPG-KEY

wget http://public-yum.oracle.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle-ol7 -O /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-oracle

oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall包所干的事情

  • (1)自动安装oracle所需的RPM包
  • (2)自动创建oracle用户和group组
  • (3)自动配置/etc/sysctl.conf内核参数
  • (4)自动配置/etc/security/limits.conf参数
  • (5)关闭NUMA=OFF (关闭非一致内存访问)

安装必要软件

groupadd dba && useradd -m -G dba oracle && mkdir /u01 && chown oracle:dba /u01
yum install -y oracle-rdbms-server-11gR2-preinstall glibc-static wget unzip && yum clean all

保存脚本

mkdir -p /install
cd /install
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/YunWisdom/docker-oracle-ee-11g/master/oracle-11g-ee-base/install/oracle-11g-ee.rsp
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/YunWisdom/docker-oracle-ee-11g/master/oracle-11g-ee-base/install/oracle_install.sh
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/YunWisdom/docker-oracle-ee-11g/master/entrypoint.sh
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/YunWisdom/docker-oracle-ee-11g/master/Dockerfile

下载Oracle安装包

官网下载地址:https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/112010-linx8664soft-100572.html

# 请执行修改下载链接,AuthParam会自动过期
wget -q -O linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip https://download.oracle.com/otn/linux/oracle11g/R2/linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip?AuthParam=1561389203_9ccc19db849275e4a7d668f4607586ee# 请执行修改下载链接,AuthParam会自动过期
wget -q -O linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip https://download.oracle.com/otn/linux/oracle11g/R2/linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip?AuthParam=1561389203_9ccc19db849275e4a7d668f4607586ee

设置环境变量

# ~/.bash_profile文件追加环境变量
vim ~/.bash_profileexport DBCA_TOTAL_MEMORY=32768
export WEB_CONSOLE="true"
export ORACLE_SID=BRCGS
export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/BRCGSPATH=$PATH:$ORACLE_HOME/bin
export PATH # ~/.bash_profile修改配置生效
source ~/.bash_profile

执行脚本oracle_install.sh

#!/bin/bashset -e#Delete limits cause of docker limits issue
cat /etc/security/limits.conf | grep -v oracle | tee /etc/security/limits.confecho 'cd /install dir '
cd /install/echo 'Downloading linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip'
#wget -q -O linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip http://10.0.1.4:8080/linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
echo 'Downloading linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip'
#wget -q -O linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip http://10.0.1.4:8080/linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zipecho 'Unzipping'
unzip -q linux.x64_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
unzip -q linux.x64_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
#rm -f linux*.zipmv database /home/oracle/su oracle -c 'cd /home/oracle/database && ./runInstaller -ignorePrereq -ignoreSysPrereqs -silent -responseFile /install/oracle-11g-ee.rsp -waitForCompletion 2>&1'
rm -rf /home/oracle/databasemv /u01/app/oracle/product /u01/app/oracle-product#/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
#/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/BRCGS/root.sh
#$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -gdbname BRCGS -sid BRCGS -responseFile NO_VALUE -totalMemory 2048 -emConfiguration LOCAL  -sysPassword oracle -systemPassword oracle -dbsnmpPassword oracle

执行脚本entrypoint.sh

#!/bin/bash
set -e# Prevent owner issues on mounted folders
echo "Preparing oracle installer."
chown -R oracle:dba /u01/app/oracle
rm -f /u01/app/oracle/product
ln -s /u01/app/oracle-product /u01/app/oracle/product#Run Oracle root scripts
echo "Running root scripts."
/u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh 2>&1
echo | /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/BRCGS/root.sh 2>&1 || trueimpdp () {set +eDUMP_FILE=$(basename "$1")DUMP_NAME=${DUMP_FILE%.dmp} cat > /tmp/impdp.sql << EOL
-- Impdp User
CREATE USER IMPDP IDENTIFIED BY IMPDP;
ALTER USER IMPDP ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
GRANT dba TO IMPDP WITH ADMIN OPTION;
-- New Scheme User
create or replace directory IMPDP as '/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d';
create tablespace $DUMP_NAME datafile '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/$DUMP_NAME.dbf' size 1000M autoextend on next 100M maxsize unlimited;
create user $DUMP_NAME identified by $DUMP_NAME default tablespace $DUMP_NAME;
alter user $DUMP_NAME quota unlimited on $DUMP_NAME;
alter user $DUMP_NAME default role all;
grant all to $DUMP_NAME;
exit;
EOLsu oracle -c "NLS_LANG=.$CHARACTER_SET $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba @/tmp/impdp.sql"su oracle -c "NLS_LANG=.$CHARACTER_SET $ORACLE_HOME/bin/impdp IMPDP/IMPDP directory=IMPDP dumpfile=$DUMP_FILE $IMPDP_OPTIONS"#Disable IMPDP userecho -e 'ALTER USER IMPDP ACCOUNT LOCK;\nexit;' | su oracle -c "NLS_LANG=.$CHARACTER_SET $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba"set -e
}case "$1" in'')#Check for mounted database filesif [ "$(ls -A /u01/app/oracle/oradata)" ]; thenecho "found files in /u01/app/oracle/oradata Using them instead of initial database"echo "BRCGS:$ORACLE_HOME:N" >> /etc/oratabchown oracle:dba /etc/oratabchown 664 /etc/oratabrm -rf /u01/app/oracle-product/11.2.0/BRCGS/dbsln -s /u01/app/oracle/dbs /u01/app/oracle-product/11.2.0/BRCGS/dbs#Startup Databasesu oracle -c "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/BRCGS/bin/tnslsnr &"su oracle -c 'echo startup\; | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba'elseecho "Database not initialized. Initializing database."export IMPORT_FROM_VOLUME=trueif [ -z "$CHARACTER_SET" ]; thenexport CHARACTER_SET="AL32UTF8"fi#printf "Setting up:\nprocesses=$processes\nsessions=$sessions\ntransactions=$transactions\n"mv /u01/app/oracle-product/11.2.0/BRCGS/dbs /u01/app/oracle/dbsln -s /u01/app/oracle/dbs /u01/app/oracle-product/11.2.0/BRCGS/dbsecho "Starting tnslsnr"su oracle -c "/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/BRCGS/bin/tnslsnr &"#create DB for SID: BRCGSecho "Running initialization by dbca"su oracle -c "$ORACLE_HOME/bin/dbca -silent -createDatabase -templateName General_Purpose.dbc -gdbname BRCGS -sid BRCGS -responseFile NO_VALUE -characterSet $CHARACTER_SET -totalMemory $DBCA_TOTAL_MEMORY -emConfiguration LOCAL -dbsnmpPassword oracle -sysPassword oracle -systemPassword oracle"# echo "Configuring Apex console"# cd $ORACLE_HOME/apex# su oracle -c 'echo -e "0Racle$\n8080" | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba @apxconf > /dev/null'# su oracle -c 'echo -e "${ORACLE_HOME}\n\n" | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba @apex_epg_config_core.sql > /dev/null'# su oracle -c 'echo -e "ALTER USER ANONYMOUS ACCOUNT UNLOCK;" | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba > /dev/null'# echo "Database initialized. Please visit http://#containeer:8080/em http://#containeer:8080/apex for extra configuration if needed"fiif [ $WEB_CONSOLE == "true" ]; thenecho 'Starting web management console'su oracle -c 'echo EXEC DBMS_XDB.sethttpport\(8080\)\; | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba'elseecho 'Disabling web management console'su oracle -c 'echo EXEC DBMS_XDB.sethttpport\(0\)\; | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba'fiif [ $IMPORT_FROM_VOLUME ]; thenecho "Starting import from '/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d':"for f in /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/*; doecho "found file /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/$f"case "$f" in*.sh)     echo "[IMPORT] $0: running $f"; . "$f" ;;*.sql)    echo "[IMPORT] $0: running $f"; echo "exit" | su oracle -c "NLS_LANG=.$CHARACTER_SET $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba @$f"; echo ;;*.dmp)    echo "[IMPORT] $0: running $f"; impdp $f ;;*)        echo "[IMPORT] $0: ignoring $f" ;;esacechodoneecho "Import finished"echoelseecho "[IMPORT] Not a first start, SKIPPING Import from Volume '/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d'"echo "[IMPORT] If you want to enable import at any state - add 'IMPORT_FROM_VOLUME=true' variable"echofiecho "Database ready to use. Enjoy! ;)"#### Workaround for graceful shutdown.##while [ "$END" == '' ]; dosleep 1trap "su oracle -c 'echo shutdown immediate\; | $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S / as sysdba'" INT TERMdone;;*)echo "Database is not configured. Please run '/entrypoint.sh' if needed."exec "$@";;
esac

如果没有报错的话,到此oracle11g就安装完毕了

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